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Speech by Mr Mario Draghi, President of the European Central Bank, on the award of Laurea honoris causa in law from Università degli Studi di Bologna, Bologna, 22 February 2019. He is also governor for Italy on the Boards of Governors of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the Asian Development Bank.[12]. 4. [27], Concerns were also expressed during the candidacy about Draghi's past employment at Goldman Sachs. See Mario Draghi's compensation, career history, education, & memberships. Draghi called for "massive investments" in young people and education. The famous phrase "Whatever it takes", used by Mario Draghi at the helm of the ECB during the economic crisis of 2012, has entered the digital lexicon of Treccani, the Italian-language most prestigious encyclopedia. From 1984 to 1990 he was the Italian Executive Director at the World Bank. The rationale for delegating powers to independent central banks evolved mainly from the experience of the 1970s. He was named President of the European Central Break in 2011 after 5 years as the Governor of the Bank of Italy. Draghi was then vice chairman and managing director of Goldman Sachs International and a member of the firm-wide management committee (2002–2005). 2. At that time, "Draghi and all of his colleagues (the decision was unanimous) chose not to cut the price for private-sector loans [below the 1% achieved with the "repeal"], even when he forecasts inflation to fall below the targeted 2% later this year." 1970 - Degree in economics, Universita degli Studi, Rome . [44][45][46][47], Beginning in 2013, Draghi was criticised in the context of the scandals rising around the bank Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena (MPS)[48] which was making very risky deals. It has been a tumultuous tenure; among other things, he very clearly saved the euro from collapse in … Mario is the first of three children: Andreina, art historian, and Marcello, entrepreneur. Mario Draghi OMRI GColIH BVO (Italian pronunciation: [ˈmaːrjo ˈdraːɡi]; born 3 September 1947) is an Italian economist who served as President of the European Central Bank between 2011 and 2019. 6. Mario Draghi: Sovereignty in a globalised world February 26, 2019 EU European Union Mario Draghi NAFTA University of Bologna It is a great honour to be speaking here today at the University of Bologna. But we haven't really studied yet the concept. April 15 -- European Central Bank President Mario Draghi comments on quantitative easing and the euro-area economy. [42][43] For this reason, he is accused of having a conflict of interest as president of the ECB. Draghi was raised in Rome, where his father worked for the Bank of Italy (Italy’s central bank). He was born in the Year of the Pig. As such, Goldstein concluded, Draghi would leave more moves to national leaders Sarkozy and German Chancellor Angela Merkel and central banks, contrasting Draghi's actions with those of the Fed's Ben Bernanke. On 10 March 2016, Draghi provoked a wave of talks on the concept of "helicopter money" after declaring at a press conference that he thinks the concept is 'very interesting': We haven't really thought or talked about helicopter money. In December 2005 Draghi was appointed Governor of the Bank of Italy,[13] and in April 2006 he was elected Chairman of the Financial Stability Forum; this organization which became Financial Stability Board in April 2009 on behalf of the G20, bringing together representatives of governments, central banks and national supervisors institutions and financial markets, international financial institutions, international associations of regulatory authorities and supervision and committees of central bank experts. Education. Education 1977 PhD in Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) 1970 Degree in Economics, Sapienza University of Rome Professional career Since June 2013 Chair of the Group of … [6] During his time at the Treasury, he chaired the committee that revised Italian corporate and financial legislation and drafted the law that governs Italian financial markets. [37][38], In April 2013, Draghi said in response to a question regarding membership in the eurozone that "These questions are formulated by people who vastly underestimate what the euro means for the Europeans, for the euro area. His father Carlo joined Banca d'Italia in 1922, later IRI and in the end Banca Nazionale del Lavoro. In 2015, Fortune magazine ranked him as the world's second greatest leader. The trade-off rested on the notion that an increase in the money supply could boost aggregate demand and stimulate employment, while keeping inflation expectations well anchored… Mario Draghi is Former President at European Central Bank. [22] Contrary to previous reports about France's position, on 25 April it was reported that President Nicolas Sarkozy saw Draghi as a full-fledged and an adequate candidate for the job. His father Carlo joined Banca d'Italia in 1922, later IRI and in the end Banca Nazionale del Lavoro. [28] Though France long backed Draghi's candidacy, the country held up the appointment toward the end, insisting that Lorenzo Bini Smaghi, an Italian official on the ECB's six-member board, cede his post on the board to a French representative. Then he earned a PhD in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1976 with his thesis titled Essays on economic theory and applications, under the supervision of Franco Modigliani and Robert Solow.[4]. The program was around the same size as the US Troubled Asset Relief Program (2008) though still much smaller than the overall US response including the Federal Reserve's asset purchases and other actions of that time. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Mario Draghi studied at the Massimiliano Massimo Institute (founded by Ignatius Loyola in 1551), and subsequently graduated from La Sapienza University with an economics degree, and then became the first Italian to gain a PhD (in economics) from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1976. [20] On 20 April 2011 The Wall Street Journal reported that "Wolfgang Schäuble, Germany's finance minister, was open to Mr. Draghi being the ECB President". And believe me, it will be enough. This is a two-minute extract of … [33], In February 2012, Nobel prize laureate in economics Joseph Stiglitz argued that, on the issue of the impending Greek debt restructuring, the ECB's insistence that it has to be "voluntary" (as opposed to a default decreed by the Greek authorities) was a gift to the financial institutions that sold credit default insurance on that debt; a position that is unfair to the other parties, and constitutes a moral hazard. On 5 August 2011 he wrote, together with the immediate past governor of the ECB, Jean Claude Trichet, a letter to the Italian government to push for a series of economic measures that would soon be implemented in Italy. Discover the real story, facts, and details of Mario Draghi. [9][29] Pascal Canfin (MEP) asserted Draghi was involved in swaps for European governments, particularly in Greece, trying to disguise their countries' economic status. The ECB was established in 1998, and since 2011 it has been headed by Mario Draghi. ... engineering, and technological education and research. He noted that school closures had interrupted learning and called for schools to reopen and stay open. It's a very interesting concept that is now being discussed by academic economists and in various environments. [41], Draghi is a member of the Group of Thirty founded by the Rockefeller Foundation. "Mario Draghi just announced more stimulus could come, which immediately dropped the Euro against the Dollar, making it unfairly easier for them to compete against the USA," Trump wrote on Twitter. His mother, Gilda Mancini was a pharmacist. * * * It is a great honour to be speaking here today at the University of Bologna. Some parties also see Draghi's former work at Goldman Sachs as a conflict of interest. [7] He is also a former board member of several banks and corporations (Eni, Istituto per la Ricostruzione Industriale,[8] Banca Nazionale del Lavoro and IMI). In October, Mario Draghi will step down from the presidency of the European Central Bank (ECB) after having successfully led that institution for the past seven years. [50][51], Istituto per la Ricostruzione Industriale, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali Guido Carli, "I compagni di classe del nuovo Governatore", "What price the new democracy? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Draghi previously worked at Goldman Sachs from 2002 until 2005. Draghi currently serves as president of the European Central Bank, … [16] Then, in January 2011, German weekly newspaper Die Zeit reported, with reference to high-ranking policy-makers in Germany and France, that it is "unlikely" that Draghi will be picked as Trichet's successor. He now risks being remembered as the man who helped propel it over the cliff. But it was unusual for him to suggest that the future of the eurozone could depend on whether countries heed his advice.[40]. [23][24], On 17 May 2011 the Council of the European Union – sitting as Ecofin – adopted a recommendation on the nomination of Draghi as President of the ECB. Mr. Draghi has insisted that critical decisions by the bank be backed by consensus. Mario Draghi … His mother, Gilda Mancini was a pharmacist. [35], In July 2012, in the midst of renewed fears about sovereigns in the eurozone, Draghi stated in a panel discussion that the ECB " ready to do whatever it takes to preserve the euro. [15], Draghi was frequently mentioned as a potential successor to Jean-Claude Trichet, whose term as President of the European Central Bank ended in October 2011. [10] After the revelation of off-market swaps used by Greece with the help of Goldman Sachs, he said he "knew nothing" about this deal and "had nothing to do with" it. 7. Draghi was born in Rome. [9] He worked on the firm's European strategy and development with major European corporations and governments. [27] Draghi began leading the Frankfurt-based institution when Trichet's non-renewable eight-year term expired on 31 October 2011. Mario Draghi: 'Reducing youth unemployment is a priority for everyone' This article is more than 4 years old Read the full transcript of our interview with the ECB president in … They vastly underestimate the political capital that has been invested in the euro.

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